“Biblical promises about the land of Israel are a way of speaking about how to live under God so that justice and peace reign, the weak and poor are protected, the stranger is included, and all have a share in the community and a contribution to make to it."The 'promised land' in the Bible is not a place, so much as a metaphor of how things ought to be among the people of God."This 'promised land'can be found~ or built ~anywhere."
Bitches and hoes
The inheritance of Abraham? A report on the ‘promised land’ (*.PDF document)
Representatives of the Scottish Council of Jewish Communities, the Board of Deputies of British Jews, the Movement for Reform Judaism, and Rabbis for Human Rights held a meeting with the Church of Scotland.
At this meeting, it was agreed that the report would be withdrawn and revised.
(Church statement is available here. The revised report)
Rev Sally Foster-Fulton said: "This is primarily a report highlighting the continued occupation by the state of Israel and the injustices faced by the Palestinian people as a consequence.
"It is not a report criticising the Jewish people. Opposing the unjust policies of the state of Israel cannot be equated to anti-Semitism. "
Kirk backs controversial Israel report | Herald Scotland
The Rev Ian Galloway withdrew the proposed boycott call as a result of the threat to the Church’s work in the region from Israeli laws designed to make boycott calls illegal.
Assessing the Kirk's report on theologies of land in the ... ~ Ekklesia
The Palestinians are most likely the original Jews.
Schlomo Sand, professor of history at Tel Aviv University, wrote about the Zionist myth at Le Monde Diplomatique, in September 2008.
(Zionist nationalist myth of enforced exile: Israel deliberately forgets its history)
1. In 70 AD, the Jews were allegedly exiled and went to live in countries such as Yemen, Morocco, Spain, Germany, Poland and Russia.
2. At the end of the 19th century, people claiming to be Jews began to talk about setting up a Jewish state.
3. Is the Bible historically accurate?
The first modern Jewish historians, such as Isaak Markus Jost (1793-1860) and Leopold Zunz (1794-1886), did not think so.
They saw the stories of the Old Testament as being useful parables.
4. During the 1980s there were new discoveries in archaeology.
Moses could not have led the Hebrews out of Egypt into the Promised Land, because the Promised Land was Egyptian territory at the time.
The archaeologists say there is no trace of either a slave revolt against the Egyptian empire or of a sudden conquest of Canaan by outsiders.
Nor is there any trace or memory of the Biblical kingdom of David and Solomon.
5. The Kingdom of Israel was a tiny little place.
6. Were the Jews exiled in 70 AD?
The Romans never exiled any nation from anywhere on the eastern seaboard of the Mediterranean.
The Jewish population of Judea continued to live on their lands after 70AD.
Some converted to Christianity in the 4th century, while the majority became Moslems during the 7th century.
Yitzhak Ben Zvi, later president of Israel, and David Ben Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, accepted it.
Both stated on several occasions that the Palestinians were the descendants of the Jewish inhabitants of ancient Judea.
7. So, what about the people in Europe and elsewhere who claimed to be Jews?
From the 2nd century BC onwards, many people were forcibly converted to the Jewish religion.
Many Europeans, Africans and Asians were converted to Judaism.
For example, in the 1st century AD, in Kurdistan, there was the Jewish kingdom of Adiabene.
In the 5th century, in Yemen, a Jewish kingdom emerged.
Arab chronicles tell of North African Berber tribes becoming Jewish, during the 7th century.
This was in the huge Khazar kingdom between the Black and Caspian seas.
Judaism spread from the Caucasus into the Ukraine, then into Eastern Europe, and on to Germany.
9. The Israeli forces who seized Jerusalem in 1967 may have been descendents of Germans, Yemenis, Berbers and Khazars.
At Haaretz, on 21 March 2008, Ofri Ilani wote about shattering a 'national mythology'.
Shattering a 'national mythology' ~ Haaretz ~ Israel News
Ilani refers to Dahia al-Kahina, a leader of the Berbers in the Aures Mountains.
Al-Kahina was the daughter of a Berber tribe that had converted to Judaism.
According to the Tel Aviv University historian, Prof. Shlomo Sand, author of "Matai ve'ech humtza ha'am hayehudi?" ("When and How the Jewish People Was Invented?"), the queen's tribe and other local tribes are the main sources from which Spanish Jewry sprang.