In 1861 Samuel A. Cartwright, an American physician, described a mental illness he called “drapetomania.” As Wikipedia points out, the term derived from drapetes, Greek for “runaway [slave],” and mania for madness or frenzy.
Thus Cartwright defined drapetomania as “the disease causing negroes to run away [from captivity].”
“if [the master] abuses the power which God has given him over his fellow-man, by being cruel to him, or punishing him in anger, or by neglecting to protect him from the wanton abuses of his fellow-servants and all others, or by denying him the usual comforts and necessaries of life.”
[I]f his master or overseer be kind and gracious in his hearing towards him, without condescension, and at the same [sic] time ministers to his physical wants, and protects him from abuses, the negro is spell-bound, and cannot run away.If any one or more of them, at any time, are inclined to raise their heads to a level with their master or overseer, humanity and their own good requires that they should be punished until they fall into that submissive state which was intended for them to occupy in all after-time.They have only to be kept in that state, and treated like children, with care, kindness, attention and humanity, to prevent and cure them from running away.
“The disease is the natural offspring of negro liberty ~ the liberty to be idle, to wallow in filth, and to indulge in improper food and drinks.”
The essential feature of Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a recurrent pattern of negativistic, defiant, disobedient, and hostile behavior toward authority figures that persist for at least six months.It is characterized by the frequent occurrence of at least four of the following behaviors: losing temper, arguing with adults, actively defying or refusing to comply with the requests or rules of adults, deliberately doing things that will annoy other people, blaming others for his or her own mistakes or misbehavior, being touchy or easily annoyed by others, being angry and resentful, or being spiteful and vindictive.
“The best treatment for the child is to talk with a mental health professional in individual and possibly family therapy. The parents should also learn how to manage the child’s behavior. Medications may also be helpful.”
“Be consistent about rules and consequences at home. Don’t make punishments too harsh or inconsistent. Model the right behaviors for your child. Abuse and neglect increase the chances that this condition will occur.”
Let’s not forget that the alliance of psychiatry and State permits people innocent of any crime to be confined and/or drugged against their will.
It seems that the common denominator of what are called mental (or brain) disorders is behavior that bothers others which those others wish to control.
In truth it is dehumanization in the name of health.
People do not have to be told that malaria and melanoma are diseases. They know they are. But people have to be told, and are told over and over again, that alcoholism and depression are diseases.
Why?Because people know that they are not diseases, that mental illnesses are not “like other illnesses,” that mental hospitals are not like other hospitals, that the business of psychiatry is control and coercion, not care or cure.Accordingly, medicalizers engage in a never-ending task of “educating” people that non-diseases are diseases.